It is battle between land power and sea power which is going to lead the world continents by one. What is Heartland theory? This theory explains,greatest wealth. This paper considers the ways in which Halford Mackinder’s ideas are represented and mobilized in geopolitical discourses in post-Soviet Russia. Mackinder is. The final tradition informing geopolitical thought in Russia today is the celebrated “Heartland” theory of the British geographer and statesman. Halford Mackinder.

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Eastern Europe is of critical importance in the Heartland Theory. This question may seem pointless, since in the Russian Empire had ruled most of the area from the Volga to Eastern Siberia for centuries.

This article or section possibly contains synthesis of material which does not verifiably mention or relate to the main topic. Only countries in Eastern Europe were seen as potential candidates of launching a successful invasion in the Heartland.

The Geographical Pivot of History

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Halford Mackinder was a 20th-century geopolitical scholar who is attributed for writing the Heartland Theory. The outlying islands were made up of the Americas as well as Australia. January Learn how and when to remove this template message.

What is the Heartland Theory? –

Mackinder gave this theory in According to the theory, the core of global influence lies in what is known as the Heartland, a region of the world situated in Eurasia due to its sheer size, a wealth of resources, and a high population. Halford Mackinder was born on February 15th, in Gainsborough, England and received his education at the Epsom College and later at Christ Church in Oxford, where he received his biology degree in Some see China’s prominence in international affairs as culminating with the country being the global power.

Mackinder died on March 6th,aged 86 years. One major drawback of this theory is its inability to make allowances for the technological advances. Mackinder saw it as a high point of communication system capable of uniting the whole Heartland into a cohesive unit.


Retrieved from ” https: For instance, the writer claimed that the existing natural barriers would protect the Heartland from foreign invasion. Mackinder did not consider the effect of modern technology on his theory.

The other landmasses would follow later. Views Read Edit View history. This dividing line was also a zone of struggle between the Teutonic Germany and the Slavs Russia with no established balance of power.

Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply. Anyway, the advances in satellite, missile, atomic and space technologies have overshadowed the strategic importance of geographic factors.

This theory regards political history as a continuous struggle between land and sea powers with the ultimate victory going to the continental power. Signs of Mackinder’s Heartland Theory can be found in the works of geopolitician Dimitri Kitsikisparticularly in his ” Intermediate Region ” model.

Mackinder’s Heartland was the area then ruled by the Russian Empire and after that by the Soviet Unionminus the Kamchatka Peninsula region, which is located in the easternmost part of Russia, near the Aleutian Islands and Kurile islands.

China needed to first emerge as the largest economy in Asia-Europe, before it eventually surpasses the United States as the global superpower, fulfilling what Mackinder stated: Halford stated that the Heartland was made up of the territory originally occupied by the Russian Empire and by the Soviet Union soon after that except for the Kamchatka Peninsula.

The islands of Japan and the British Isles were categorized under the offshore islands.

Mackinder’s Heartland Theory – Explained!

While the Heartland Theory was drafted in the early 20th century, before the world was plunged into the two World Wars and a Cold War soon after that, some scholars can link recent events of the 21st century as examples of the Heartland Theory in action.

What is the Heartland Theory? That never actually happened. However, the roles of both the Intermediate Region and the Heartland are regarded by their respective authors as being pivotal in the shaping of world history.

Mackinder wrote down the theory in the turn of the 20th century, a period when modern technological advancements were still in their infancy. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. However, the Heartland has been under Russian authority for hundreds of years and so to capture the Heartland, countries needed to prevent the expansion of Russian influence in the Heartland at the very least.


Obi, Yenisei, Lena which drain into the Arctic Sea.

What is the Heartland Theory?

World-Island was also the maclinder of the three world regions in resources. This assertion was also supported by Kjellen. This concept is an analysis of the political pattern of the heartladn and includes predictions based on this analysis. During the time of the writing of the Heartland Theory, most of East Europe and Russia did not have an inch of road or railway network, making the belief of conquering the Heartland logistically impossible. It had rugged mountains of Lena Land in the north-east; in the east it had the Altai, Tienshan mountains across which lie the wastelands of Mongolia and Sinkiang; in the south it had Hindukush ranges and the plateau of Afghanistan and Iran; in the south-west, between the Caspian Sea and the Black Sea lie the Caucasus and the plateau of Armenia; in the west, the Heartland was surrounded by the Carpathian mountains; in the north-west were the Baltic Sea and the wastes of Lappland; in the north lies the Arctic Ocean.

Articles lacking in-text citations from January All articles lacking in-text citations Articles that may contain original research from November Articles with multiple maintenance issues Pages to import images to Wikidata Use dmy dates from February Mackinder called it the Heartland total area being 11 million square kilometres.

Also, China later went on to join the communist sphere, while the Saudi Arabia-Sahara barrier could not prevent the Cold War from spilling over into Africa.