Get this from a library! La cuestión étnica: algunos problemas teórico- metodológicos. [Rodolfo Stavenhagen]. La Cuestión Étnica. Derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas. Conflictos étnicos y estado nacional. Entre la ley y la costumbre: el derecho. Rodolfo Stavenhagen, sociólogo, investigador y profesor emérito del La cuestión étnica, Derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas.

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Yale University Press; American Journal of Sociology. The ability and willingness of parents to classify their children in a different category as themselves will depend on the exact criteria for ethnic classification. Annual Review of Anthropology.

Ethnic Identification and its Consequences for Measuring Inequality in Mexico

In contrast to the percentage of indigenous language speakers, which generally declines for younger age groups, the relation between the percentage of individuals classified as indigenous using proxy self-identification and age is curvilinear. The Puerto Rican Nation on the Move: Boundary Dynamics and Intercensus Racial Reclassification.

In Afro-Latin American countries such as Brazil, for example, individuals are classified into multiple categories along a white to black continuum based largely on perceptions of skin color Nobles ; Telles ; Daniel ; Bailey In their classic study of ethnic relations in Southeastern Mexico, Colby and van den Berghe The multicultural discourse may also receive more widespread acceptance among educated parents in urban areas, thus explaining the stronger positive association in more urban settings.

Indigenism, Mestizaje, and National Identity in Mexico during the s and the s. American Indian Ethnic Renewal: For these reasons, indigenous language proficiency should be retained as an alternative measure in the census and other sociodemographic surveys.

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Stanford University Press; The Idea of Race in Latin America, — Blackness and Race Mixture: In particular, a higher socioeconomic status leads to a shift towards whiter categories. For many white Americans ethnicity is a cultural resource devoid of the traditional social underpinnings, such as strong ties to co-ethnics and insertion into a web of social obligations.

Among children of parents who are both classified as indigenous based on proxy self-identification The greater loss of indigenous language proficiency among children of parents with higher educational attainment is in some ways not surprising. The Significance of Skin Color in Brazil.

Ethnic Identification and its Consequences for Measuring Inequality in Mexico

The World Bank; Eynica, sociological research on boundary crossing has focused mostly on Afro-Latin American countries such as Brazil. Thus, including children who are much older could result in selection bias. This systematic whitening of higher status individuals presents a serious problem for the study of racial stratification. Similarly, for children of indigenous migrants to urban areas, identifying as indigenous may be based on an attachment to a few cultural symbols without a personal connection to other members of the group, and with few social consequences.

Speaking an indigenous language may in practice be a requirement for participating in group rituals, as well as for holding positions of responsibility within the community known as cargosand providing volunteer work for collective projects known as tequios.

All a respondent has to do to abandon the often stigmatizing indigenous identity for him or herself as well as for others for whom he or she is cuestipn the census is to say that they are not indigenous. Racial categories in Latin America are defined by extremely blurred social boundaries. However, in the Mexican case the loss of language proficiency among children of indigenous language speakers takes on a greater significance because language proficiency continues to be used to identify the indigenous population by researchers and policy makers e.

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Limiting the analysis in this way also ensures that the method used for classifying the mother and the father is as close as possible to self-identification.

Amazon Advertising Find, attract, and engage customers. However, recent studies on boundary crossing have focused mostly on Afro-Latin American countries such as Brazil, where racial classification is based on perceptions of skin color.

Educational Inequality by Race in Brazil, — All numbers expressed as percentages unless otherwise noted. Only English by the Third Generation?

Drawing on this assimilationist perspective we may similarly hypothesize that indigenous parents of higher socioeconomic status in Mexico will be less likely to transmit their proficiency in an indigenous language to their children. Intermarriage seems to partly account for the loss of indigenous language with greater educational attainment of parents, but does not explain it entirely.

Endogenous Race in Brazil: