A Backward Classes Commission was appointed by the President of India on 29 January with Kaka Kaielkar as its chairman. The Commission was. By upholding the implementation of the Mandal Commission Report, the Apex Court judgment in the case of Indra Sawhney v. Union of India. commission was cha1red by Kaka Saheb Kalelkar. 1 t. tooK two complete years to prepare tne Heport. ,. The. 1ne commission subm1tted the Report on the .
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The Mandal Reporr would have recommended that 52 percent of central government posts be reserved for OBCs. Mandal commission persistence of caste identities and. The Centre asked the state governments to conduct surveys to identify members of the backward classes, and then to extend them all reasonable facilities.
Kaka saheb kalelkar commission inthe president of india acting under article of the. The Mandal Commission concluded that India’s population consisted of approximately 16 percent non-Hindus, The Mandal Commission therefore recommended that 27 percent of central and state government jobs should be reserved for OBCs, and that the 27 percent figure should be applied to other “compensatory discrimination” or “compensatory protection” benefits, including those repirt by universities and affiliated colleges.
The “creamy layer” included children of constitutional office holders, class I and class II officers, professionals, owners of large agricultural farms, and those with annual incomes of overrupees. The mandal commission, or the socially and educationally backward classes commission sebc, was established in india on 1 january by the janata party government under prime minister morarji kale,kar with a mandate to identify the socially comission educationally backward classes of india.
However, since the 16 percent non-Hindus presumably included approximately the same proportion of “other backward classes” as did the Hindus i. However, the Supreme Court had already ruled that the total proportion of reservations under Articles 15 4 and 16 4 of the Constitution should be below 50 percent.
Mandal commission reportmandal commission report on 20 december indias prime minister, morarji desai of the janata party, announced the formation of a second backward classes commission under chairman b.
Report of the India backward classes Commission. I
In February the Mandal Commission conducted a nationwide socioeconomic field survey in which it gathered interview data from two villages and one urban block in of the nation’s districts. Article was invoked for the first time in when the kaka kalelkar commission was set up. Retrieved December 24, from Encyclopedia. This commission in paragraph 48 of its report suggested that the erstwhile criminal tribes should not be called.
In the meantime a large number of states in the north and the south proceeded to have their own backward class. Ambedkar, spokesperson for India’s “untouchables” and an architect of India’s Constitution, made certain that the Constitution abolished “untouchability” and provided political and economic benefits for “scheduled castes” and “scheduled tribes.
Kaka Kalelkarthe Chairman, took a rather equivocal stand on the issue, though he did not record a formal minutes of dissent, in his forwarding letter to the President he opposed some recommendations made by the commission.
Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Efforts to develop some version of affirmative action for India’s “untouchables” and depressed classes began in various parts of British India during the nineteenth century. Important commissions and committees in india pdf important commissions and committees in india pdf list of important commissions and committees in india pdf for upcoming exams.
Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia. Violent objections ensued, especially in northern India among the upper castes, who feared the commission’s recommendations would reduce their access to higher education.
Though the Commission did not have adequate data on castes, yet it proposed reservation of at least 25 per cent in Class I, It submitted its report in indentifying 2, castes as backward. Kalelkar was born in belgundi village, taluka and district belgaum, karnataka near sawantwadi in maharashtra. The Government of India rejected the recommendation of the Commission repory caste be the basis for identifying economic and educational backwardness.
The field survey data, combined with information from the census, various states’ lists clmmission their backward classes, and personal knowledge of Commission members and others, enabled the Mandal Commission to generate an all-India “other backward classes” OBC list of 3, castes and a more-underprivileged “depressed backward classes” list of 2, castes.
Wikipedia articles needing context from September All Wikipedia articles needing context Wikipedia introduction cleanup from September All pages needing cleanup Articles needing cleanup from September Articles kapelkar sections that need to be turned into prose from September Articles with multiple maintenance issues. Reservation for Backward Class.
The commission was directed to determine the criteria to be adopted in considering whether any section of people should be treated as socially and educationally backward.
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MANDAL COMMISSION REPORT
It is also known as the first backward classes commission, or the kaka kalelkar commission. Other indicators included depending mainly on manual labor for livelihood and having an average value of family assets at least 25 percent below the state average.
The Supreme Court also ruled that “caste” could be used to identify “backward classes” on condition the caste was socially backward as a whole, and that the “creamy layer” of the backward classes could not receive backward-class benefits. Inthe Centre decided not to draw up any list of the OBCs.