View Ibnu Tufail Research Papers on for free. Ibn Tufayl or Ibn Tufail (c – ), full name: Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Abd al-Malik ibn Muhammad ibn Tufail al-Qaisi al-Andalusi أبو. Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Tufail (also known by a Latinized version of his name, Abubacer Aben Tofail, –85 AD) was an Andalusian.

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Namara inscription Pre-Islamic Arabic inscriptions. Since people have different capacities of understanding that require the use of different instruments, there is no point in trying to convey the truth to people except through means suitable for their understanding.

With the acquisition of language, Hayy was able to explain to Absal his development in knowledge. As a physician, he was an early supporter of dissection and autopsywhich was expressed in his novel. Again, the Creator must, of necessity, be immaterial, for matter being an accident of the world inbu itself subject to creation by a Creator.

The Philosophy of ibn Tufail and His Treatise the Self-Taught Philosopher

He returns with Absal to the deserted island to practice mysticism in isolation. This antinomy clearly anticipates the Kantian position that reason has its own limits and that its arguments lead to a maze of contradictions. Philosophy is an exclusive affair of the individual; it presupposes a certain temperament and aptitude for enlightenment. Jones, London, ; P. He teaches Hayy to speak, and after hearing his story, realizes that the realities of which Hayy is speaking are the same realities described in his own religion as God, the angels, the holy books, prophets, and the afterlife.

Such an existence cannot be free from created accidents and as such cannot precede them in point of time; and that which cannot exist before the created accidents must itself be created in time.

Ibnu Tufail Research Papers –

No human sight, hearing or speech could grasp this state, as it lies beyond the world of nature and sense experience. Tudail actually this beginning is meant merely to provide a background for showing the development of inductive intellect, independently of any social influence whatsoever. He then turns to the analysis of the phenomena of nature, compares the objects around him, and discriminates between them, and classifies them into minerals, plants, and animals.


God and the world both being eternal, how could the former be the cause of the latter? View this page in our App. II, Part I, ; R.

This leads him to assume a specific form or soul for each class of objects. At this point, a man named Absal, who deeply understands religious truths through symbols and rituals, comes to the island in search of solitude. Trying to express the inexpressible, the author says that Hayy tufzil in this state that the whole is one, even though unity and multiplicity, like other contraries, exist only for sense perception.

The knowledge of essence, therefore, is itself essence. While he could not decipher the nature of this vital thing, he observed that the shape of all deer was similar to that of tufal mother.

The Prophet acted wisely in giving the masses sensuous forms instead of full light, for they had no other way of salvation. Tufail Salik Muhammad – unknown.

Observation shows him that body is a common factor in all the objects, but they belong to different classes because of the functions peculiar to them. Interpreting the divine essence in terms ibn light, the essential nature of which is perpetual illumination and manifestation, as held by al-Ghazali, he conceives of the world as the manifestation of God’s own essence and the shadow of His own light that has no temporal beginning or end.

Hayy convinces Absal to accompany him to explain the truth to the people of the neighboring island. In fact, this view is an echo of Ibn Bajjah’s position, which later came to be regarded as the proper official attitude under the Muwahhids. Through continued reasoning he grasped the concepts of matter and form, cause and effect, unity and multiplicity, as well as other general concepts concerning the earth and the heavens.


It is transmitted through the same paths to the brain, where it is organized into a perceptive whole. Hayy is respected by the elders until he tries to go beyond the literal meaning of their Scripture. Skip to main content. II, Azamgarh, ; M. He endeavours hard to enlighten the masses through pure concepts, but, in the end, finds these concepts far above their heads.

He wrote two medical treatises, advised Ibn Rushd on his commentaries and his Kulliyat a tib, and suggested to al-Bitruji a modification of his theory of homocentric spheres. The light of the sun falling on a looking-glass and from there passing into another, and so on, gives an appearance of plurality. Wrote the first philosophical novelwhich was also the first novel to depict desert islandferal child and coming of age plots, and introduced the concepts of autodidacticism and tabula rasa.

Hayy also finds the religious truths described by Absal in agreement with what he has come to know, but can not understand why Absal’s religion resorts to symbols and permits indulgence in material things.

Abu ‘Abd ar-Rahman Ibn Tahir. Keith Nemeth – unknown. Among his contemporaries Tufayl had a reputation as a physician.

Ibn Tufayl – Wikidata

Ibn Khatib attributes two treatises on medicine to him. Through highly sophisticated reasoning, he found that neither the idea of creation nor that of eternity is immune to objection. It abounds in similitudes, metaphors, and anthropomorphic notions, so that they might better accord with the people’s understanding, fill their souls with desire, and attract them to virtue and morality.

Each of these classes of bodies exhibits certain specific functions, which lead us to postulate specific forms or souls like Aristotle as the cause of the functions peculiar to the bodies of different classes.