Shaykh Muhammad al-Tahir Ibn Ashur is the most renowned Zaytuna Imam and one of the great Islamic scholars of the 20th century. Ibn ʿĀs̲h̲ūr. ( words)., patronymic of a family of Idrīsid descent and Moroccan origin which settled in Muslim, Spain. It is said that ʿĀs̲h̲ūr, fleeing from. Muhammad al-Tahir ibn ‘Ashur is the author of Ibn Ashur ( avg rating, 12 ratings, 1 review, published ) and Book-in-Brief ( avg rating, 0 rati.

Author: Bagar Dogal
Country: Cape Verde
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Medical
Published (Last): 17 February 2006
Pages: 198
PDF File Size: 18.86 Mb
ePub File Size: 7.99 Mb
ISBN: 354-9-50199-455-5
Downloads: 23463
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Voodoorg

Retrieved from ” https: Because the shari’ah is universal, it must not be restricted to a single culture.

Muhammad al-Tahir ibn ‘Ashur (Author of Ibn Ashur)

This page was last edited on 9 Novemberat He thus turns the classical reading around, while still connecting the Prophetic history with the Qur’anic text in a more logical way. June Learn how and when to remove this template message. Responding to modern challenges to Islamic traditions, Ibn Ashur called for substantive reforms in Islamic education.

Therefore, the maqasid of the shari’ah must be engaged. The entire field surrounding the word must be considered.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. His strongest argument against it is that the literal occasions that the Zahiri hold onto are quite limited, but that people around the ashhur encounter many more. Ibn Ashur claimed that the basis of shari’ah must be rational.

He was of Andalusian origin.

Ibn Ashur: Treatise on Maqasid Al-Shari’ah

Nafip. Muslim scholars of the Maliki School.

His grandfather was especially renowned. He worried that taking a solitary ahad hadith in isolation from the body of shari’ah would end the quest for understanding asgur context. Influenced by a visit to Tunisia by Muhammad Abduh, Ibn Ashur combined knowledge of the classics with a desire to revive Islamic civilization.


He positioned himself as asgur bridge between the classical Islamic legal heritage and the needs of a modern world. He was a teacher at Bin all his life. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. His references to the great works of law are respectful, but he does not hesitate to point out shortcomings.

He said, “Ijtihad is a collective duty fard al-kifayah on the community according to the measure of need in the community’s countries and situations. In fact, to stubbornly hold onto superficialities without understanding the intent is to “expose the shari’ah to being dismissed disdainfully.

Muhammad Al-Tahir Ibn ‘Ashur – Wikidata

Views Read Edit View history. Ibn Ashur asserted the view that language is fundamentally ambiguous and is not enough to determine the intent of a speaker.

Ibn Ashur saw this literal-mindedness to be represented by the Zahiri position. He historicizes Qur’anic verses the same way classical scholars have done through the concept of abrogation Naskh and occasions of revelation Asbab al-Nuzulbut takes the Maqasid al-Shari’ah welfare objectives of the Islamic law into account where a restriction on freedom of religion would violate the preservation of religion and intellect Hifz al-Din wa al-‘Aql. Please improve this article by removing excessive or inappropriate external links, and converting useful links where appropriate into ivn references.

Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. However, in Ibn ‘Ashur’s interpretation, 9: Appropriate legal responses to situations in the modern world cannot be found by delving deeper and deeper into the meaning of a word. This tells us that the law is based on reason.

He understands verses 9: Ibn Ashur says that a weak hadith is open to error, and qiyas is open to error, but in addition, the weak hadith may be a lie and the consequence of using it would be worse than using qiyas. One of the ibj fascinating approaches to the issue of coherence between Qur’an 2: He is famous for rejecting Habib Bourguiba ‘s president of Tunisia request for a fatwa to justify abandoning the fast of the month of Ramadan because it harmed productivity.


Please help improve this article by adding citations to bin sources. He was a writer and author on the subject of reforming Islamic education and jurisprudence.

Ibn Ashur : Treatise on Maqasid Al-Shariah

For example, the mandate of keeping raisin juice in certain kinds of containers comes from the fact that in the heat of the Hijaz the juice would quickly ferment. Ibn Ashur intended his work to be relevant for the modern world.

He said, “One of the greatest things required by the universality of the shari’ah is that its rules be equal for all the communities following it to the utmost extent possible, because similarity inn the flow of rules and laws is a help for achieving group unity in the community. He claimed ibm the discipline of usul al-fiqh had reached its limits and become over-burdened with methodological technicalities.

Instead, legislative value should be sought from the totality of shari’ah.

This article has multiple issues. This article’s use of external links may not follow Wikipedia’s policies or guidelines. It was clear to him that the lack of ijtihad had grave consequences. He called for a group of mujtahids from countries around the world, from different madhahib schoolsto address the needs of the community, as the basis for a renewal of civilisation.