Our guest this week is Swiss historian Dr. Daniele Ganser, author of the seminal book NATO’s Secret Armies: Operation GLADIO and Terrorism. Buy NATO’s Secret Armies: Operation GLADIO and Terrorism in Western Europe (Contemporary Security Studies) 1 by Ganser Daniele (ISBN: ). For the first time in this book, Daniele Ganser has brought together the full story of the networks the Italians came to call ‘Gladio’. This is a significant and.
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Operation Gladio and Terrorism in Western Europe and includes it as a key document on his website on the book”. The Bologna massacre ever since ranges amongst the largest terrorist onslaughts that Europe had seen in the twentieth century.
Bush refused to comment. Gansef became known when the then Italian prime minister Andreotti confirmed the existence of Operation Gladio in the Italian parliament.
Yet the Allies ‘were becoming nervous about the conditions of Italian politics, and in particular about the danger of Communist influence growing beyond bounds and reproducing the situations of Greece and Yugoslavia’.
NATO’s “stay-behind” organizations were never called upon to resist a Soviet invasion. Den USA sicherlich nicht. There are no discussion topics on this book yet. Training, according banser Swiss military instructor and alleged Gladio member Alois Hurlimann, also included non- simulated real action operations against IRA activists, gpadio in Northern Ireland. One box was kept aside by them because it contained a phosphorous bomb.
In Iran, Mossadegh embarked upon a socialist agenda and attempted to distribute parts of the oil wealth to the population. Carlo Schmid declared to the press: But these are units that would stay-behind in occupied territory and it is therefore necessary that they be kept top-secret.
These representatives of the secret structures met every year in one of the capitals. In the British realised that they had been fooled and angrily reproached General Musco, successor of Broccole at the head of SIFAR, protesting that ‘his service was delivering itself hook, line and sinker to the Americans’.
Daniele Ganser January The number of recruits for the xi secret armies ranged from dozens in some nations to hundreds or even thousands in others. These structures varied in terms of how closely they were aligned with local governments. For the first time in this book, Daniele Ganser has brought together the full story of the networks the Italians came to call ‘Gladio’. US military planning for the upcoming Italian election envisaged that in phase one the ‘US gnser presence in the Mediterranean’ would be strengthened.
The bombs killed 16 and maimed and wounded 80, most of which were farmers who after a day on the market had deposited their modest earnings in the Farmer’s Bank on the Piazza Fontana in Milan.
In the end the Italians decided to take the best of both. During the first Gladio revelations in front of the Italian Senators on August g,adio, ‘the uncle’ had with reference to the secret stay-behind army cunningly claimed that ‘such activities have continued until ‘ in order to limit the personal damage which loomed. The end of the Cold War’, Rowse observed, ‘changed little in Washington.
Daniele Ganser – Wikipedia
US intelligence also assisted in the set up of a German stay-behind network. Tensions heightened even more when German government spokesman Hans Klein in a confused manner thereafter publicly explained that ‘the German Gladio was not, as has been claimed, a secret commando troop or a guerrilla unit’, adding that he could not discuss details for reasons of strict secrecy.
Buffalo Roy rated it it was amazing Oct 19, When you don’t know what to say sometimes it is better not to say anything at all. They were given instruction in codes, the use of a pistol and covert operations.
Composed by the President himself, the Vice-President, the Foreign Secretary, the Defence Secretary, the Director of the CIA, the National Security adviser, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and other high-ranking personnel and special advisers, ‘the National Security Council has evolved into what, without exaggeration, has become the single most powerful staff in Washington. Civilians recruited as stay-behind partisans were equipped with a clandestine shortwave radio with a fixed frequency.
Freedom of Information in the United States provides an avenue to open up government documents; but that process is exceedingly slow and subject to many exemptions, one of which is intended precisely to shield records on activities of this type. A few months after the exhibition had opened, former Royal Marine officers Giles and Preston, the only MI6 agents to be named in the Gladio exhibition next to a photo ‘in Austrian Alps ‘, confirmed to author Michael Smith that throughout the late s and early s the British and Americans had set up stay-behind units in Western Europe in preparation for an expected Soviet invasion.
The Gladio story needs to be told completely so as to establish the truth in this matter. Der Spiegel in German. You can be assured that those who laid the explosives, fired into lines of women and children were not the ones who got the big bite of the apple.
Hallberg was set free and charges against him were dropped. According to media analyst Edward S. Rear Admiral Jan Ingebristen, who in had stepped down as head of the Norwegian Supreme Defence Command intelligence service, amidst public criticism insisted that it was only logical that the armies had to remain secret: This tactic of targeting specific seats to give control to the DCI rather than going for a complete sweep was successful in all but two of the two hundred plus seats selected.
It was modeled on the nation’s World War II experiences of having to evacuate the royal family and transfer government to a government-in-exile,  originally aiming to provide an underground intelligence network to a government-in-exile in the event of a foreign invasion, although it included elements of guerilla warfare.
Furthermore my gratitude goes to Washington-based CIA author William Blum who first drew my attention to Gladio and taught me a lot on covert action and secret warfare. And the commission itself, made up of the competing political parties from the Italian left and the Italian right, was split on what exactly the historical truth in Italy was, and disagreed on how many of its sensitive findings should be presented to the public. Sometimes these efforts involved violence, even terrorism, and sometimes the terrorists made use of the very equipment furnished tanser them for their Cold War function.
NATO’s Secret Armies: Operation Gladio and Terrorism in Western Europe by Daniele Ganser
But by and large the subject was acknowledged with a wink and a nod. Broccoli in his letter explained that the British SIS had offered the training of Italian Gladio officers on the condition that Italy buys arms from the British. I did some training with them and I got on well with them. Miller said ‘What we want is a good solid intelligence and resistance network that we can count on if the Russkis ever take over those countries.
Weapons were supplied and held in large caches ready for any communist threat. We trained the Khmer Rouge in a lot of technical stuff, the officer remembers. In Basel, Ali Burhan Kirmizitas helped me greatly g,adio the translation of Turkish texts and provided me with important documents on Gladio in Gxnser. Was ich vermisse, ist ein Schaltbild der Verstrickungen, das das Ggladio visualisiert.
The presidency of ACC rotated every two years among the member nations and in was held by Belgium.