This book aims at providing further contributions inspired by Bion’s paper Attacks on Linking () by a distinguinshed group of scholars who have focused on. Editor’s Note: This paper was originally published in the International Journal of Psychoanalysis, Vol. 40 (), pp. – The body of the text begins with Bion’s papers, Attacks on Linking, and Commentary on ‘Attacks on Linking’, on which the original chapters to.

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She trained as a child psychotherapist at the Tavistock Clinic and as an analyst at the British Attacls Society. The Psycho-Analytic Study of Thinking. Problems in the analysis tend to become focused not on why but on what, in the sense of what the function of the analysis and the analyst are for the patient.

In my view, regressive splitting and fusion function as defences against core anxieties of absolute incorporation or engulfment on the one hand and absolute separation or abandonment on the other. Withoutabox Submit to Film Festivals. For such anxieties embody the myths of totalized identity complete loss of boundaries or de-differentiation and attackd difference complete loss of connection or links that always already reflect regressive fusion and defusion.

Learn more about Amazon Prime. Modern Language Association http: Notes on some schizoid mechanisms. Family, Couple and Systemic Therapy. Needless to say, the reason the liinking “masculine” and “feminine” are placed in inverted commas is to indicate that the equations in aytacks they figure belong to the Imaginary and Symbolic orders Lacan, It is also an elaboration of Klein’s concept of splitting.

Learning Along the Way: Amazon Music Stream millions of songs. Customers who viewed this item also viewed. When relative similarities are totalized into identities—and to cite but a few examples, women literally equated with castrated men, human motives with animal instincts, human selves with ceramic artifacts, or psychological dysfunctions with medical illnesses—the consequence is a psychic regression from the differentiated experience characteristic of the secondary process and the depressive position to the undifferentiation or fusion that characterises the primary process and the paranoid-schizoid position.


Edna O’Shaughnessy came to psychoanalysis from philosophy, first training as a Child Psychotherapist at the Tavistock Clinic in the s. Read more Read less. Karnac Books on Twitter.

In returning to “life” they at the same time liberate us from the “deadly” serious, primary process world of psychotic incorporation and polarization, fusion and defusion. Start reading Attacks on Linking Revisited on your Kindle in under a minute. A Study in Phenomenological Ontology.


In other words, they refer to image and symbol rather than to anything biological, to what is imagined to be masculine or feminine in the order of human culture and not to what an “essentializing” perspective might regard as being literally, as opposed to metaphorically, the case. These different visions reflect, in a creative way, facets of contemporary linkig. Out of the intercourse of two comes a third.

If you are a seller for this product, would you like to suggest updates through seller support? Without implying that in focusing upon attacks on linking Bion intended to deny or was oblivious to attacks on separating, I feel it is worth emphasizing that it is a mistake to identify psychopathology exclusively with the former, that is, with the totalization of difference de-linking that results in the antitheses that constitute splitting, for psychopathology equally results from attacks on separating, the totalization of similarity links that result in the absolute identifications that constitute various states of psychological merger.

Out of the creative mating of container and contained comes psychological growth and change—provided such coupling can be tolerated. Attacms merit of the book is to show us the originality with which psychoanalysts of different theoretical orientations take ownership of the ideas discussed.

The tendency for one or another image atttacks absolute similarity or difference to hold us captive arises either from genuine ignorance of other possibilities or from a defence against the affects of anxiety and depression associated with the full range of infantile danger situations.

Get fast, free shipping with Amazon Prime. Attacks on Linking Revisited: It is important, however, to recognise that in addition to involving defusion or splitting, regressive mental functioning also entails varying degrees of fusion or undifferentiation. Home Psychology Dictionaries thesauruses pictures and press releases Linking, Attacks on.




Freud and the analysis of poetry onn. Psychoanalytic Essaystrans. Jung and Analytical Psychology. However, such pure types are nonexistent because Eros and Thanatos, integrating and disintegrating tendencies, “femininity” and bipn inevitably coexist in a greater or lesser degree of fusion; because both types of danger situation may motivate both personality orientations; and because both orientations may coexist on different levels of the personality structure and even serve to defend against each other.

ComiXology Thousands of Digital Comics. And, of course, a single person may do either at different times or on different levels of consciousness. Bion Tradition, Bion in Brazil, and Growth and Turbulence in the Container- Contained “The ideas developed in Attacks on Linking have broadened the understanding of the processes of symbolisation and the analytic treatment of difficult patients. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis Conversely, it is not simply that in the primary process metaphors are literalised such that analogies are reduced to identities, but also that contrasts based on recognition of relative differences are totalized into antitheses, binary oppositions, or splits: Explore the Home Gift Guide.

The refusal to see similarities, to appreciate metaphors and analogies, and to make connections among phenomena that belong together, striving instead to keep them separated or isolated from one another, is a common form of resistance to mental growth. Psychoanalytic Reflections on Guilt and Conscience. It will become, I believe, a standard text.

This volume brings together an outstanding group of international contributors who explore, contrast and expand upon both perspectives and their clinical implications. Ships from and sold by Amazon. For just as different things can never be absolutely the same and yet remain different, so different things can never be absolutely different, without being similar in at least some respects.

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