Traditionally assigned to Bharata, a legendary sage, Natya Shastra is one among the famous trio of India, the other two being Kautalya’s Artha. Natya was then taught by God Brahma to the mythic sage Bharata, who is said to have recorded this teaching in the Natyashastra. The origin of the book is thus. The Nātya Shastra (Nātyaśāstra नाट्य शास्त्र) of Bharata is the It is attributed to the muni (sage) Bharata and is believed to have been.

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It provided the foundation of theatrical and literary works that followed, which shaped the post-Vedic culture. The detailed Natyasastra review and commentary of Abhinavagupta mentions older Sanskrit commentaries on the text, suggesting the text was widely studied and had been influential. They should express their reactions either by clapping their hands, or by laughing louder or by uttering exclamations as the occasion demands.

We can also find the rules about how the times of the day or asides are to be conveyed on the stage. The purpose of drama is to entertain the audience.

The Natysashastra text has been influential in other arts. The books,”Natyasashtra” by Bharata Muni and “Abinav Darpan” by Nandikeshwar are considered to be the original sources of Bharatnatyam an indian classical dance form. Sanskrit Drama in Performance. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.


Bharata and his Natyashastra | | Asian Traditional Theatre & Dance

Bharata disapproved of a…. It is considered the defining treatise of Indian Classical Music until the thirteenth century, when the stream bifurcated into Hindustani classical music in North India and Pakistanand Carnatic classical music in South India.


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It is no wonder that Sanskrit plays have mostly love as their theme. The Natya Shastra discusses a wide range of topics, from issues of literary construction, to the structure of the stage or mandapa, to a detailed analysis of musical scales and movements murchhanasto an analysis of dance forms that considers several categories of body movements, and their effect on the viewer.

There are two main styles of conveying drama, the stylised or symbolic one, natyaand the realistic one, loka. Group dances or individual dances could be introduced into a drama whenever appropriate. The structure of the text harmoniously compiles aspects of the theatrical arts into separate chapters. Humanism and the Humanities in the Twenty-first Century. Natya Shastra Legend has it that Brahma, the Creator, was once requested by the gods for entertainment for the eyes and the ears of all the people.

Bharata refers to bhavas, the imitations of emotions that the actors perform, and the rasas emotional responses that they inspire in the audience.

Bharata Muni’s Natya Shastra

Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. The text consists of 36 chapters with a cumulative total of poetic verses describing performance arts.

To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats. While women in England had had to wait till Charles II came back to power and allow them to perform on the stage, it is really heartening to note that in our country female roles were performed by women in those days of yore.


There are rules in handling the musical instruments, leave alone playing on them. In fact, the process of creating the rasa sentiment is more complicated. Dramatic arts [Natyashastra praises dramatic arts] as a comprehensive aid to the learning of virtue, proper behavior, ethical and moral fortitude, courage, love and adoration of the divine. sshastra

Natyashastra | Indian drama treatise |

Johns Hopkins University Press. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The whole complicated process of conveying the rasa through the natya technique is crystallised in the famous dictum:. Retrieved from ” https: The lasya, a solo dance invented by Parvatirepresented a story, or part of a story, within a drama. Natya Shastra Abhinavabharati Mudras. sastra

These arguments, and others, have led to the opinion that the date may lie somewhere between B. The Theory of Rasa The Natyashastra introduced the theory of bhava and rasaso central to Indian aesthetics. Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation.

Kudiyattam Theatre and the Actor’s Consciousness.